• A Guide to Identifying Alzheimer’s Disease and its Various Stages A Guide to Identifying Alzheimer’s Disease and its Various Stages

    Learning that a loved one has been diagnosed with Alzheimer’s can take a toll on anybody. This progressive disease is emotionally and physically traumatizing as it gradually affects one’s memory, their ability to think and perceive. In order to manage the symptoms effectively, knowing about the stages of progress and treatment options is crucial. The experience of the disease may differ from person to person but the trajectory from the beginning to the end of the illness is the same. Given below are the 7 identified Alzheimer’s stages:

    Preclinical Alzheimer’s
    The preclinical stage of Alzheimer’s is not clearly observed and signs of memory loss or dementia are not evident. Family history alone may denote the risk of this stage or else one’s regular physician may recognize biomarkers signifying the risk, suggesting a visit to a neurologist.

    Normal forgetfulness
    After crossing 65, it is common to forget things. But at stage two of Alzheimer’s, the tendency to forget things tends to increase rapidly than in people of the same age group who do not suffer from the disease.

    Mild decline
    The symptoms at this stage are less clear and it usually continues for about 7 years. The symptoms gradually become obvious within 2- 4 years. Only those who are very close may detect the signs since they are still quite subtle. The quality of work may decrease and the victims may find it difficult to learn new skills. Other signs of the third stage include things like getting lost in a well-known route, difficulty in remembering correct words/names, an inability to remember recent news, inability to remember new names/ people, frequent loss or misplacement of an item, a decrease in concentration.

    Moderate Decline
    This 4th Alzheimer’s stage lasts almost two years and marks the commencement of identifiable Alzheimer’s disease. In this stage, precise indications of the ailment are clear. Mood swings become more frequent. The signs of decline appearing in this stage include an awareness of present or latest events decreases, recollecting past events is difficult, there is a marked difficulty in dealing with finances and bills, and counting backward from 100 becomes a near impossibility.

    Moderate dementia
    Great support is required at stage 5 which tends to last for about one-and-a-half years. During this stage, people start to require help for daily activities. They may face trouble in getting dressed, particularly with buttons or hooks, they may not be able to remember simple details like phone numbers or an address, they may also undergo a constant state of confusion and puzzlement without any evident trigger.

    Still, at this stage, people can retain basic functionality like bathing and go to the toilet without any help. Generally, they may also be able to remember the names of their family members.

    Fairly severe Alzheimer’s
    People in this stage of Alzheimer’s require continuous overseeing and often need professional care. Five recognizable features are evident during the course of the two-and-a-half years for which this stage might last:

    • Apart from not being able to select their clothes, someone on this stage of Alzheimer’s will have to be assisted in putting them on properly.
    • Oral hygiene starts to decline and they need assistance to adjust water temperature prior to baths.
    • Initially, few patients may not remember to flush the toilet or even discard tissue papers in the bin. Further, when the disease advances, they will not be able to control their bladder and bowels and require help with cleanliness.
    • They might begin stammering and forgetting words more frequently.
    • They may fear the thought of staying alone at home or stepping out of the house without any assistance.

    Severe Alzheimer’s
    This is the last stage of Alzheimer’s. In the final stages of Alzheimer’s, the patient becomes fully dependent on their caregiver lose their ability to communicate. They are unable to recognize sound and speed, muscle memory fails the so need help to sit up or walk around, they cannot emote, they cannot hold their head up. and The associate-stages last around one to two-and-a-half years and due to rigid body movements, they will feel severe pain. About 40% of people with Alzheimer’s disease experience shortening plus hardening of tendons, muscles, etc. in addition to the above-mentioned signs.

    Treatment and prevention
    Even though there is no cure for Alzheimer’s, preventing the symptoms by taking proper treatment can inhibit the disease from progressing at a fast rate. Changes in diet, supplements, body and mind exercise and medications may have a helpful effect on the symptoms. Medications help to control neurochemicals for communication skills, thinking, and memory.

    A person who is inflicted with Alzheimer’s will have an average lifespan of 4-8 years after being diagnosed with the disease. While the patient may not feel the symptoms themselves or be in denial, those around them will be able to do so. Hence it is vital to take notice of any obvious shifts in memory or mental functioning and seek assistance in the early Alzheimer’s stages before waiting for the situation to worsen.

  • 5 notable symptoms of thyroid eye disease 5 notable symptoms of thyroid eye disease

    Thyroid eye disease is an eye condition known as Graves’ or Graves’ ophthalmopathy. It is an autoimmune condition in the body that generally impacts the eye muscles and tissues and impacts the thyroid gland. This condition is commonly observed in those with an overactive thyroid or hyperthyroidism. In some cases, it might also occur as a precursor to a thyroid illness or without known thyroid complications. Check out some of its common signs and symptoms.

    Redness of the conjunctiva is among the common signs of thyroid eye disease. It is mainly due to the body’s inflammatory response being triggered. If someone is experiencing prolonged redness and eye irritation, it can be pretty frustrating to receive a diagnosis that attributes their eye issues to an allergic response. Therefore, one must seek the advice of a qualified doctor for accurate diagnosis.

    Dry eyes
    A patient’s increased eye inflammation can give rise to a range of eye-related problems. One such issue is excessive tearing or dry eyes. Dry eyes can make it feel like the eyes are constantly gritty. In such cases, doctors might recommend eye drops or artificial tears to help keep the eyes lubricated. In patients with watery eyes, it is important to understand that the body attempts to combat increased irritation levels. The body can either increase or decrease the level of tear production to relieve inflammation.

    Bulging eyes
    When the inflammatory cells surrounding the eye area are activated, it can cause bulging of the eyes. The orbit is the bony cavity that houses the eyeball in the skull. When these tissues expand, it thickens the surrounding fat and cushions the eyes. This results in the entire area to grow bulkier. Hence, the eyeballs bulge forward. The condition is also known as proptosis. There are limited treatment options to help with this symptom, and patients might even have difficulty closing their eyelids.

    Thyroid stare
    Thyroid eye disease can cause the eyeballs to protrude, pushing the eyelids back. When this happens, it can limit the eyelids’ movement and the muscles that assist in opening and closing them. As a result, it can restrict the movement of the eyelids and make the patient seem to be staring at something or someone constantly. This condition is often referred to as “thyroid stare.” Patients with thyroid stare may find it difficult to close their eyes completely.

    Double vision
    Double vision is a common symptom of severe thyroid eye disease due to the lack of proper eye movement caused by the eyes bulging. The muscles surrounding the eyes may be affected, resulting in problems with eye movement. Symptoms such as grittiness, redness, and swelling can be relieved to some extent. However, improvement or worsening of these conditions can depend on the severity of the disease. Symptoms such as eye bulging and double vision may not improve once they set in. In severe cases, thyroid eye disease can cause vision loss due to compression of the optic nerve, which connects the eyeball and the brain.

  • What You Need to Know about Protein Powders What You Need to Know about Protein Powders

    Protein powders are gaining huge popularity—not just among weightlifters, six-packers and gym addicts. They’re a useful nutritional supplement for people who want to lose weight or gain muscle, convalescents, senior citizens, athletes, vegans, and vegetarians. Let’s find out what they’re all about.

    What are protein powders?
    These special nutritional supplements contain concentrated protein from animal or plant sources and can be consumed in the form of concentrates, isolates, and hydrolysates. They are often available with added vitamins and minerals, in various flavors.

    You can buy them at most pharmacies, health stores, supermarkets, and online in powder form or as pre-mixed drinks. Add them to your normal food, mix them into juices, or just make a simple shake out of them.

    The common forms of protein powder are soy protein, whey, and casein protein. Whey is the most popular form since it’s water-soluble and contains all the nine essential amino acids that are necessary for the complete human diet. Each protein source has its own characteristics and benefits.

    Since protein is essential for the health and growth of all parts of our bodies, we need to make it a part of our daily diet. Proteins give energy, help to repair and rejuvenate cells.

    They also contribute to bulking up muscle mass, reduce fat, and help to repair and maintain the muscles. They give you a feeling of fullness and prevent hunger pangs that send you hunting for food in your fridge.

    When to take them
    You should take them if you’re an athlete or a teenager, planning a drastic work-out program, preparing for an athletic event or competition, opting to become a vegan or vegetarian, recovering from an accident/injury/illness.

    How much do you need?
    According to the American College of Sports Medicine, the normal adult needs about 0.8 gm/kg body-weight every day.

    • Recreational athletes need 1.1 to 1.4 gm/kg
    • Endurance sports-persons need 2.0 gm/kg
    • Athletes in competitive sports need 1.2 to 1.4 gm/kg
    • Those building muscles need 1.5 to 2.0 gm/kg

    These figures depend on age. Most Americans get their protein requirement from their normal diet.

    Is too much harmful?
    The FDA does not monitor protein powders. Excess protein can harm the liver and kidneys. At best, some of it will be converted to energy, while the rest is excreted as waste.

    Select the best protein powder
    With so many options available on shelves, choosing the best protein powder can be challenging. Keep your age, fitness, budget, diet restrictions (if any) in mind before consuming them.

    • Whey Protein: It is a byproduct of cheese-making. It contains lactose, so a word of caution if you’re lactose-intolerant. It’s easy to digest and it is quickly absorbed by the bloodstream, reduces fat mass and increases muscle mass. If you’re recovering from an injury or trying to build muscle mass, this is a great choice. A great choice is MuscleTech’s NitroTech Pure Whey Protein. If you want a lactose/gluten/sugar-free option that’s non-GMO, low-cal and low-carb, Legion Athletics’ Whey+Protein Powder is a perfect choice. Muscle-builders can opt for the Signature 100% Whey Protein.
    • Casein Protein: It is also dairy-based but it is not easy to absorb. It reduces muscle breakdown, helps in weight-loss and increases chest-strength. Ascent Native Fuel Micellar Casein uses all-natural ingredients and has all the essential amino acids. Another great choice is Optimum Nutrition Gold Standard 100% Casein Powder.
    • Pea Protein: It is a great choice for vegetarians, vegans, and those who cannot tolerate lactose or egg protein. It helps you to feel full because it releases itself slowly into the body. It reduces blood pressure and increases muscle-growth. Gluten-free pea protein powders include peas without added sugars, artificial colors, or sweeteners.
    • Hemp Protein: It is a plant-based protein with high omega-3 fatty acid content. Being easy to digest, it contains all the essential amino acids that help in growth and repair. Bob’s Red Mill Hemp Protein Powder and Nutiva’s Organic Hemp Protein are some of the good options.
    • Brown Rice Protein: It is ideal for weight-loss, and it is meant for vegetarians and vegans. It is gluten and dairy-free, rich in antioxidants, some great options are Naked Rice Organic Brown Rice Protein Powder and NutriBiotic Rice Protein Powder.
    • Mixed Plant Protein Powders: These powders contain a blend of two or more plant-based proteins. For instance, any combination of rice, pea, hemp, chia seeds, quinoa, artichoke etc., are available in delicious flavors. PlantFusion’s Complete Plant Based Protein Powder is a great option available in vanilla flavor. You can add it to any other flavor like citrus or chocolate, nuts etc., to make your own yummy shake. Orgain’s Plant-Based Organic Vegan Shake is the right option for vegans and vegetarians. These powders are gluten-free, low-cal and low-carb. It is a perfect choice if you’re on a weight-loss program.

    The best protein powder will help you to lose weight, build muscle, repair damaged tissues and help to maintain immunity and promote growth. Take protein supplements after consulting your doctor and ensure that you take the right ones for your fitness goals.

Hand Picked

  • The Best Protein Shakes for Women The Best Protein Shakes for Women

    In today’s world of busy lifestyles, meeting daily nutritional requirements can be quite difficult as most people do not have the time to prepare healthy meals. Given this, protein shakes are an excellent solution for people who need to increase their protein intake. Many women want to tone up their bodies without putting on bulky muscle mass. In this article, we’re going to discuss the best protein shakes for women, so you know exactly what to choose.

    Protein is excellent for helping women repair muscle tissues and develop lean muscle mass, which is especially important because—as women age, they develop greater susceptibilities to disorders like sarcopenia or osteoporosis.

    With around 20 to 30 grams of protein per serving of protein powder, it makes for a good dietary supplement if you are not getting enough protein through whole foods—especially if you are a vegetarian or vegan.

    Why are protein shakes so important?
    It is commonly believed that protein shakes make you lose weight but this is not true. However, as a food product, it can help you lose weight if the right product is consumed in the right quantities. The best protein powders for shedding weight will have pure protein and minimal artificial ingredients, as well as carbs, fats, and sugar.

    Protein, in addition, helps to build and develop your muscles, which in turn can help you to burn calories as your muscles function better. Protein also helps you to feel fuller when you consume carbohydrates or fats, which helps you to reduce the overall calorie consumption in a day.

    How do you identify the best protein shakes for women?
    Protein is a vital nutrient for both men and women, which is why many women take the same quantity and type of supplement men take. However, women generally require less protein per serving than men do and in addition, women’s protein formulae contain essential nutrients like iron, folic acid, and B vitamins to boost their health.

    Women should look for protein powders that contain carbohydrates and fiber in addition to protein. Those who are using protein powder to lose weight should opt for formulae with no more than seven grams of carbohydrate in each serving, as well as low-fat content. The powder should contain a minimal amount of artificial ingredients, and it has to be easy to mix.

    It should also be flavorful to drink, as a poor-tasting protein powder will be hard to consume on a regular basis. In addition to that, it should also provide good value for your money in terms of the protein quantity per serving.

    You should also check with a doctor about any potential food allergies or sensitivities that could surface, and choose your protein powders accordingly.

    What are some of the best protein shakes for women out there?
    Some of the most popular and nutrient-rich protein powders for women are discussed as follows:

    Whey protein—this is the most popular protein product available, especially among women. It is a semi-clear liquid that is left over after milk is curdled and strained while producing cheese. It is rich in high-level branch chained amino acids (BCAAs) like valine and leucine, which are essential for the synthesis of proteins in the body and it helps the muscles to burn more calories.

    A whey protein shake can be consumed at any time of the day—however, it is recommended to have it before a workout for extra energy, and after the workout to replenish nutrients in your body.

    Casein protein—this is also extracted from milk during the curdling process when cheese is made. While it is not as popular as whey protein, it is still consumed by many fitness lovers. Casein protein has bioactive milk peptides that stimulate muscle development and support the immune system.

    Casein is harder to digest than whey protein, so you should consume it either in the morning or before you go to sleep at night. You can also opt for more natural sources of casein, such as cottage cheese or yogurt.

    Soy protein—this product is extracted from soybeans. The soybeans are processed to make soy flour, soy isolates, and concentrates. Mostly concentrates and isolates are used in soy protein powders. It is not as popular as whey or casein proteins, but still contains a lot of nutrients.

    Egg protein—this is a product that not many people know about. It is extracted from eggs and mixed with other proteins to make a consumable protein powder. It is fat-free, cholesterol-free, and very low in carbohydrates, and is rich in amino acids like arginine.

    It also stimulates muscle growth, as whey protein does. Egg protein is digested slowly, so it is best consumed with snacks between meals. It is also a good choice if you are sensitive or allergic to dairy products.

    Plant protein—there are three main types of plant proteins—pea protein, rice protein, and hemp protein. They are commonly used to create vegan protein blends. However, they are not as rich in amino acids as whey or casein protein, and they are not as easily absorbed by your body.



  • What Are the Normal Blood Sugar Levels What Are the Normal Blood Sugar Levels

    Who does not enjoy some sugary treats from time to time? A lot of people talk about having a sweet tooth. It is not always related to a preference for chocolates or sweets. Some people are habituated to eating something sweet after a filling meal, while others munch on candy to kill time. Today, almost all foods have some amount of sugar in them. Having a sweet tooth is not bad, but when it affects your health, you need to take it seriously. Everyone must try to maintain a normal range of blood sugar levels. One should not consume products with too much sugar or salt. They should also avoid eating sweet or salty foods over long durations as both of these items can gravely affect their health. No one wants to spend the rest of their lives swallowing pills and restricting their diet. They can avoid this by controlling the amount of sugar they consume and following a healthy and active lifestyle.

    Diabetes in the country
    Today, a large number of people in the country have diabetes. According to a report published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, more than 100 million Americans have diabetes or prediabetes. Approximately 30 million citizens, i.e., 9.4% of the total population suffers from diabetes, and approximately 84.1 million citizens have prediabetes. If prediabetic patients do not treat this condition, they will go on to develop the disease within five years. This is a grave illness and reports suggests that the number of patients will rise steadily over time. Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death in the country, and this number is only expected to rise with time. Some areas of the country have a higher rate of mortality than others, while other areas are affected on a larger basis. How do you know whether you have this condition? What are normal blood sugar levels? Check out the following pointers to find the answers to all of these questions:

    Normal blood sugar ranges
    You may never know if you have diabetes or are in the prediabetes stage if you do not take frequent tests. You need to be aware of the normal blood sugar range to determine whether you have this condition. In today’s age, most of us consume processed food and follow unhealthy diets. So, it is better to get tested in advance to be safe. Knowledge of the normal blood sugar range is the key to managing diabetes by yourself. The levels of blood sugar will vary for people with type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. People who do not have diabetes will have a normal blood sugar range. It is vital to know about these ranges so that you can test your blood sugar levels at home on your own. These figures will also help you discuss your condition with a doctor. Let’s have a look at the normal blood sugar ranges:

    You need to test your blood sugar ranges before and after a meal.
    For non-diabetic patients, the normal range before a meal is 4.0 to 5.9 mmol/L. This figure changes slightly after taking a meal, and the permissible level for non-diabetic patients is under 7.8 mmol/L.
    Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of this disease. Several people in the country have this disease. People with type 2 diabetes must have a blood sugar range of 4 to 7 mmol/L before taking a meal, and less than 8.5 mmol/L after taking a meal.
    Type 1 diabetes is another form of the disease which adversely affects the health of patients. The normal range of blood sugar levels of type 1 diabetes patients is 5 to 7 mmol/L. Patients’ blood sugar level should be between 4 to 7 mmol/L before a meal, and in the range of 5 to 9 mmol/L after consuming a meal.
    Children with type 1 diabetes have a slightly different permissible range. The normal blood sugar levels upon waking up should be between 4 to 7 mmol/L. The range is the same before meals, while it increases to 5 to 9 mmol/L after a meal.
    So, the next time you test your blood sugar levels, keep these ranges in mind. If your levels are higher than usual, consult a doctor as soon as possible.

    Why it is important to maintain a normal blood sugar range?
    One should not take diabetes lightly. Patients must protect themselves from the side effects of this condition by maintaining a normal blood sugar range. It is vital to control the intake of sugar as excessive intake over long durations can lead to several health complications such as kidney disease, stroke, heart disease, retinal disease, and nerve damage. You can control this condition by making some adjustments to your diet. In this way, you can avoid complications related to diabetes as well. Small improvements in your lifestyle can make a difference in improving and maintaining your overall health.

Find a doctor

Find a doctor

  • Cancer Memorial Contribution-American Institute For Cancer
    (180) 084 - 3811
  • Virginia Cancer Specialists - Loudoun
    44035 Riverside Parkway Suite 300LeesburgVA
    (170) 355 - 4680
  • Virginia Cancer Care: Ravneet Grewal, MD
    19415 Deerfield Ave Suite 107LeesburgVA
    (170) 399 - 7131